Cervical Epidural Injections
Spinal injections are used in two ways. First, they can be performed to diagnose the source of back, leg, neck, or arm pain (diagnostic). Second, spinal injections are used as a treatment to relieve pain (therapeutic).
Most spinal injections are performed as one part of a more comprehensive treatment program. Simultaneous treatment nearly always includes an exercise program to improve or maintain spinal mobility (stretching exercises) and stability (strengthening exercises).
Spinal injections are performed under x-ray guidance, called fluoroscopy. This confirms correct placement of the medication and improves safety. To do this, a liquid contrast (dye) is injected before the medication. If this contrast does not flow in the correct location, the needle is repositioned and additional dye is injected until the correct flow is obtained. The medication is not injected until the correct contrast flow
Epidural injections are used to treat pain that starts in the spine and radiates to an arm or leg. Arm or leg pain often occurs when a nerve is inflamed or compressed ("pinched nerve").
Epidural injections involve injecting an anesthetic and an anti-inflammatory medication, such as a steroid (cortisone), near the affected nerve. This reduces the inflammation and lessens or resolves the pain. This type of epidural injection is a therapeutic one.
For diagnostic purposes, an epidural spinal injection can be done at a very specific, isolated nerve to determine if that particular nerve is the source of pain. Sometimes only an anesthetic is injected. The immediate response to the injection is closely monitored. If the pain is completely or nearly completely relieved, then that specific nerve is the primary cause of the pain symptoms. If there is little pain relief, then another source of pain exists.
Source: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
- Anterior Cervical Discectomy & Fusion
- Cervical Disc Replacement
- Cervical Epidural Injections
- Facet Injections
- Lumbar Diskectomy
- Lumbar Epidural Injections
- Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
- Scoliosis Surgery
- Cervical Spine Fusion
- Lumbar Fusion
- In Office Kyphoplasties
- Minimally Invasive Lumbar Surgery